شیوع داغدیدگی آسیب زا و برخی عوامل مرتبط با آن در دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستانی شهرستان ایرانشهر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 استاد ممتاز گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

10.22098/jsp.2020.1073

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین میزان شیوع داغدیدگی آسیب‎­زا و عوامل مرتبط با آن در دانش­آموزان متوسطه شهرستان ایرانشهرانجام شد. طرح پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و از نوع مقطعی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل کلیه‎ی دانش آموزان دختر دوره دوم متوسطه شهرستان ایرانشهر در سال تحصیلی 97-96 بود (1500N=). تعداد 500 نفر از دانش­آموزان به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چند­مرحله­ای انتخاب و به سیاهه آثار سوگ هوگان پاسخ دادند. برای تحلیل داده­ها از آمار توصیفی و آزمون­های خی دو، کولموگروف-اسمیرنف با کاربرد نرم افزار SPSS استفاده شد. یافته­های بدست آمده نشان داد که از 500 دانش آموز، 106 نفر (2/21 درصد) نمره­ای بالاتر از نمره برش به دست آوردند. نتایج آزمون خی دو نشان داد که شیوع داغدیدگی در دانش­آموزان رشته انسانی بیشتر است. به علاوه شیوع داغدیدگی در افرادی که پدرشان را از دست داده اند، بیشتر است. نتایج آزمون کولموگروف-اسمیرنوف نیز نشان داد که بین مدت زمان فوت دو گروه داغدیده و غیر داغدیده (001/0>p)،  تفاوت معنی داری وجود دارد. با توجه به اینکه داغدیدگی آسیب زا می‎تواند منجر به مشکلات جدی در حوزه‎های مختلف شود، درک دقیق از میزان شیوع آن، می­تواند به متخصصان سلامت روان کمک نماید تا به افراد داغدیده در بهبود یافتن از سوگ یاری رسانند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The prevalence of traumatic bereavement and some related factors in female senior high school students in Iranshahr city

نویسندگان [English]

  • N Moeini 1
  • S Basharpoor 2
  • N Hajlo 2
  • M Narimani 3
1 Ph.D student of psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 Professor of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
3 Distinguished Professor of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
چکیده [English]

The aims of this study was to determine the amount the prevalence of Traumatic bereavement and its related factors in high school students in Iranshahr. The research design was descriptive and cross-sectional. The statistical population of the present study included all the bereaved senior high school female students of Iranshahr City in the school year of  2018-2019 (N=500). 500 students were selected by multistage cluster sampling method and responded to the Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist (HGRC). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square, Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests using SPSS software. The findings showed that out of 500 students, 106 people (21.2%) scores above the cut-off score. The results of the Chi-square test showed that the prevalence of bereavement in higher education students is higher. In addition, the prevalence of bereavement is higher in those who lost their father. The results of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed that there is a significant difference between the duration of death of the two groups of bereavement and non- bereavement  (P<0/001). Given that Traumatic bereavement can lead to serious problems in different areas, A careful understanding of prevalence can help to the mental health professionals to help the bereaved people recover from the greif.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • prevalence
  • Traumatic bereavement
  • Students
عصاره، مرضیه؛ فیروزکوهی مقدم، محبوبه؛ کریمی، مریم و حسینی، منیره (1393). سوگ پیچیده: مطالعه شیوع شناسی توصیفی مقطعی در ایران. مجله روانشناسی و روانپزشکی شناخت، 1 (2)، 40-46
Assare, M., Firouz kohi moghadam, M., Karimi, M., & Hosseini, M. (2014). Complicated grief: A descriptive cross-sectional prevalence study from Iran. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry, 1(2), 40-46 (Persian).
Black, D. (2002), Bereavement in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (eds. M. Rutter & E. Taylor). Oxford: Blackwell.
Cohen, J. A., & Mannarino, A. P. (2008). Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children and Parents, Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 13( 4), 158–162.
Cohen, J. A., Deblinger, E., Mannarino, A. P., & Steer, R. A. (2004). A multi-site, randomized controlled trial for children with sexual abuse-related PTSD symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(4), 393-402.
Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2017). Treating Trauma and Traumatic Grief in Children and Adolescents. New York: Guilford Publications.
Corden, A., & Hirst, M. (2013). Economic components of grief. Death Studies, 37(8), 725-749.
Creamer, M., Burgess, P., & McFarlane, A. C. (2001). Post-traumatic stress disorder: findings from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. Psychological Medicine, 2001; 31(7), 1237-47.
D’Antonio, J. (2014). Caregiver grief and anticipatory mourning. Journal of Hospic Palliative Nursing, 16 (2), 99–104.
Elder, S. L., & Knowles, D. (2002). Suicide in the family. In  N. B. Webb (Ed), Helping bereaved children (pp.128-148). New York: Guilford.
First, M., Pies, R., & Zisook, S. (2011). Depression or bereavement? Defining the Distinction.  Medscape.19.
Guarnerio, C., Prunas, A., Della fontana, I., Chiambretto, P. (2012). Prevalence and comorbidity of prolonged grief disorder in a sample of caregivers of patients in a vegetative state. Psychiatric Quarterly, 83, 65–73.
Holtslander, L. F., Bally. J. M. G., & Steeves, M. L. (2011). Walking a fine line: an exploration of the experience of finding balance for older persons bereaved after caregiving for a spouse with advanced cancer. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 15 (3), 254–259.
Hulsey, E. G. (2008). Childhood Bereavement and  Peer Support: epidemiology, identification of evaluation constructs, and the promotion of resilience. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, university of pittsburgh.
Kristjanson, L., Lobb, E., Aoun, S., & Monterosso, L. (2006). A systematic review of the literature on complicated grief. Department of health and ageing, Australian Government.
Kersting, A., Brahler, E., Glaesmer, H., & Wagner, B. (2011). Prevalence of complicated grief in a representative population-based sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, 131, 339–343.
Kwok, O., Haine, R. A., Sandler, I. N., Ayers, T. S., Wolchik, S. A., & Tein, J. (2005). Positive parenting as a mediator of the relations between parental psychological distress and mental health problems of parentally bereaved children. Journal of child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(2): 260-271.
Machin, L., & Spall, B. (2004). Mapping grief: A study in practice using a quantitative and qualitative approach to exploring and addressing the range of responses to loss. Counseling and Psychotherapy Research, 4(1), 9-17.
McFarlane, A. C. (1995). Helping the victims of disasters. In J. R. Freedy & S. E. Hobfoll (Eds.), Traumatic stress: From theory to practice (pp. 287-314). New York: Plenum.
Momartin, S., Silove, D., Manicavasagar, V., & Steel, Z. (2004). Complicated grief in Bosnian refugees: Associations with posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45(6), 475-482.
Neria,Y., Gross, R., Litz, B., Maguen, S., Insel, B., Seirmarco, G., Rosenfeld, H., Suh, E. J., Kishon, R., Cook, J. (2007). Prevalence and psychological correlates of complicated grief among bereaved adults 2.5–3.5 years after September 11 that tacks. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20 (3), 251–262.
Prigerson, H. G., Ahmed, I., Silverman, G. K., Saxena, A. K., MacIejewski, P. K., Jacobs, S. C., Kasl, S. V., Aqeel, N., Hamirani, M. (2002). Rate s and risks of complicated grief among psychiatric clinic patients in Karachi, Pakistan. Death Studies, 26 (10), 781–792.
Pynoos, R. S.(1992). Grief and trauma in children and adolescents. Bereavement Care, 11(1), 2-10.
Rubin, S. S., Malkinson, R., Witztum, E., Stroebe, M., & Hansson, R. (2008). Clinical aspects of a DSM complicated grief diagnosis: Challenges, dilemmas, and opportunities. Handbook of bereavement research and practice: Advances in theory and intervention.187-206.
Scall, S. Dusingizemungu, J. P. Jacob, N. Neuner, F. & Elbert, T. (2012). Associations Between Prolonged Grief Disorder, Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Anxiety in Rwandan Genocide Survivors. Death Studies, 36(2), 97-117      
Shear, M, K. (2012). Grief and mourning gone awry: pathway and course of complicated grief. Dialogues In Clinical Neuroscience, 14 (2), 119.
Stroebe, M., Hansson, R. O., Stroebe, W., & Schut, H. (2001). Introduction: Concepts and issues in contemporary research on bereavement. Handbook of bereavement research: Consequences, coping, and care (p. 3–22). American Psychological Association.
Webb, N. B. (2002).Traumatic death of a friend / peer : Case of Susan, age 9. In, N. B. Webb (Ed.), Helping bereaved children (pp. 167-194). New York: Guilford.
Worden, J. W.( 2009). Grief counseling and grief therapy: A handbook for the mental health practitioner: springer publishing Company.