بررسی ارتباط دست برتری با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشآموزان دوره راهنمایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

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چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضربررسی ارتباط دست برتری با پیشرفت
تحصیلی در دانش آموزان راهنمایی بوده است . بدین من ظور 901 دانش
آموز ( 441 پسر و 460 دختر) کلاس اول تا سوم راهنمایی با میانگین
سنی 13 سال و 5 ماه (حداقل 11 وحداکثر 20 سال ) و با انحراف
استاندارد 1 سال و دو ماه که در منطقه 5 آموزش و پرورش تهران در
مدارس عادی به تحصیل اشتغال داشتند، به صورت تصادفی خوشه ای
انتخاب شدند. برای سنجش دستبرتری از پرسشنامه دستبرتری چاپمن
و برای پیشرفت تحصیلی از معدل دانش آموزان در امتحانات کتبی نوبت
اول دروس دینی، جغرافی، اجتماعی، ریاضی، املا، علوم، تاریخ، املای
زبان، عربی و حرفه و فن استفاده شد . نتایج نشان داد که میزان
غیرراستدستی (چپدستی ودوسوتوانی ) در دانش آموزان 16 درصد
است و این میزان در دختران و پسران یکسان است . مقایسه میانگین کلی
نمرات دانش آموزان راست دست و غیر راست دست با استفاده از آزمون
نشان داد که نمرات پیشرفت تحصیلی دو گروه تفاوت معناداری با t
یکدیگر ندارد . با این حال مقایسه معدل پیشرفت تحصیلی دو گروه در
دروس دهگانه نشان داد که تنها در درس تاریخ پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش
آموزان غیر راست دست بیشتر از دانش آموزان راست دست است
بنابراین دست برتری به خودی خود ارتباطی با پیشرفت .(α=0,03)
تحصیلی در دوره راهنمایی ندارد و والدین و اول یای دانشآموزان نباید
نگران راست دستی یا چپ دستی فرزندان خود باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of the relationship between handedness and academic achievement in secondary school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Alipur 1
  • Sh Kalantarian 2
1 Professor of Psychology, University of payame noor
2 M.A. Student of psychology university of payamenoor Tehran
چکیده [English]

The present research is aimed to study the
relationship between handedness and academic
achievement in secondary students. For this purpose
901 students (441 boys, 460 girls) in 1 to 3 grades of
ordinary secondary schools with age average 13 years
and 5 months (minimum11 and maximum 20 years) and
standard deviation 1 year and 2 months were chosen by
cluster sampling method from schools of educational
district five of Tehran city. Handedness questionnaire
of Chapman and Chapman (1987) were completed by
all subjects. Scores of students in written examinations
of mathematics, religious education, geography, social
science, Persian dictation, experimental sciences,
English dictation, history, Arabic and vocational and
technical education were gathered for educational
achievement criteria. Data analysis revealed that the
prevalence of non right-handedness (leftis 16 percent in
both sexes. Data analysis by t-test also indicated that
academic achievement of right-handers and non-right
handers is not significantly different. Although the
mean score of non-right handers in history was
significantly more than right-handers (α=0.03). So
handedness by itself is not related to educational
achievement in secondary school students and the
parents and the personnel of school need not worry
about left or right- handedness in their children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • handedness
  • educational achievement
  • lefthandedness
  • right-handedness
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