مقایسه‌ی پیشرفت تحصیلی و عوامل مرتبط با آن در دو گروه از دانش‌آموزان بی‌سرپرست و دارای سرپرست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

4 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه­ پیشرفت تحصیلی و عوامل مرتبط با آن در دو گروه از دانش‌آموزان بی­سرپرست و دارای سرپرست انجام گرفت. روش این پژوهش، علی- مقایسه‌ای بود. کلیه دانش‌آموزان بی­سرپرست و دارای سرپرست شهر همدان در سال تحصیلی 93- 92 جامعه آماری این پژوهش را تشکیل دادند. تعداد 74 نفر از دانش‌آموزان بی­سرپرست و 74 نفر نیز از دانش­آموزان عادی به عنوان گروه مقایسه انتخاب و به پرسش‌نامه­های انگیزش تحصیلی، خودپنداره تحصیلی و اشتیاق به مدرسه به صورت انفرادی پاسخ دادند. برای اندازه­گیری پیشرفت تحصیلی نیز از معدل آزمودنی­ها استفاده شد. داده­های جمع­آوری شده با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (مانوا) تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که دانش­آموزان بی­سرپرست در پیشرفت تحصیلی، انگیزش درونی، اعتماد، تلاش، خودپنداره تحصیلی، اشتیاق رفتاری، اشتیاق شناختی و اشتیاق تحصیلی نمرات پایین ولی در انگیزش بیرونی، بی­انگیزگی و اشتیاق هیجانی نمرات بالایی نسبت به دانش‌آموزان عادی دارند. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می­دهد که دانش­آموزان بی­سرپرست پیشرفت تحصیلی ضعیفی دارند و در این امر متغیرهای خودپنداره تحصیلی، انگیزش تحصیلی و اشتیاق به مدرسه نقش دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of academic achievement and factors related to it in orphans students and students living with parents

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Basharpoor 1
  • F Ghorbani 2
  • A Atadokht 3
  • E Soleymani 4
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 M. A. in General Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
3 Assistant Professor of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
4 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Urmia University
چکیده [English]

The present study was carried out with the purpose of comparing academic achievement and factors related to it in two groups of students with and without. The method of this research was causal-comparative. Whole students with and without parents in the city of Hamedan in the academic year 92-93 comprised the statistical population of the study. Seventy four orphan’s students and 74 students living with their parents were recruited for the study and were individually administered questionnaires tapping academic motivation, academic self-concept and school engagement. The children’s grade point average was used as an index of academic achievement. Gathered data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance. Findings showed that orphans students have lower score on academic achievement, intrinsic motivation, confidence, effort, academic self-concept, behavioral engagement, cognitive engagement and school engagement than normal students, while they have higher scores on external motivation, motivation and emotional engagement. Results of this study reveal that orphan children have poor academic achievement. In this case, the variables of self-concept, educational motivation and school engagement play role.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • academic achievement
  • Educational Motivation
  • Academic self-concept
  • school engagement
  • orphans students
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