اثربخشی روش نگرانی مشترک بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان قربانی قلدری

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اردبیل

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش، اثربخشی روش نگرانی مشترک بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان قربانی قلدری بود. روش این پژوهش آزمایشی از نوع پیش­آزمون-پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه‌ی آماری این پژوهش را کلیه­ی دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه دوره اول اردبیل در سال 94-93 که مورد زورگویی قرار گرفته بودند، تشکیل دادند. سپس با استفاده از شیوه نمونه گیری در دسترس 15 نفر از آنها به عنوان گروه آزمایش و 15 نفر گروه کنترل انتخاب شده و به پرسش‌نامه­های اضطراب افسردگی و استرس لویندا (DASS) و پرسش‌نامه شادکامی آکسفورد (OHQ) پاسخ دادند. جلسات مداخله برای هر نفر، به صورت انفرادی به همراه افراد قربانی، قلدر و اولیای مدرسه برگزار شد. نتایج تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که روش نگرانی مشترک بر باور­های اضطراب، افسردگی، استرس و شادکامی دانش‌آموزان گروه آزمایش را هم در مرحله پس آزمون و هم در پی­گیری تأثیر داشته است. بنابراین نتیجه گرفته می­شود که بهتر است برای کاهش مشکلات دانش­آموزان قربانی قلدری، از روش نگرانی مشترک استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of shared concern method in wellbeing of student's victims of bullying

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Narimani 1
  • M. A Ghaseminejad 2
  • Z Rostamoghli 3
1 Professor of psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 Ph.D student of psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
3 Ph.D student of psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch
چکیده [English]

This study examined the effectiveness of shared concern method in wellbeing of student's victims of bullying. The present study is an empirical research with a pilot study performed with a pre-test and post-test. The target population included all secondary school students who had been bullied in Ardabil studied 2015-2016. Thirty students were selected with using the available sampling method that 15 of whom as the experimental group and 15 in control group. The tools that used in this study was Lynda's Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ). Intervention sessions for each person, individually, as well as victims, bullies and teachers was held.  Result of multivariate analysis of variance (MANCOVA) showed that shared concern method had impact of significant on depression, anxiety, stress and happiness in experimental group both at the post-test and follow-up. Therefore, it was concluded that to reduce the problems of student's victims of bullying to be used shared concerned method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • wellbeing
  • bulling
  • psychotherapy
  • shared concern method
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