نقش اعتیاد به اینترنت و خود‌افشایی آنلاین در پیش‌بینی آزارگری سایبری در دانش‌آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 رئیس اداره پشتیبانی امور پژوهشی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 کارشناس ارشد علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

10.22098/jsp.2018.726

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی نقش اعتیاد به اینترنت و خود افشایی آنلاین در پیش­بینی آزارگری سایبری در دانش‌آموزان بود. در این پژوهش 400 دانش‌آموز از دوره دوم متوسطه شهر اردبیل در سال تحصیلی 96-97 که از فضای مجازی استفاده می‌کردند، به شیوه نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند و به پرسش­نامه­های اعتیاد به اینترنت یانگ، آزارگری سایبری لام و لی و خودافشایی آنلاین والکنبرگ و پیتر پاسخ دادند. یافته­ها نتایج نشان داد که بین اعتیاد به اینترنت و آزارگری سایبری و قربانی سایبری ارتباط معنا‌داری وجود داشت (01/0p<). همچنین بین خودافشایی آنلاین با آزارگری و قربانی سایبری ارتباط معنا‌داری وجود داشت (01/0p<). نتایج رگرسیون گام به گام نشان داد اعتیاد به اینترنت و خودافشایی آنلاین 39 درصد از واریانس آزارگری سایبری و 10 درصد قربانی سایبری را تبیین می­کنند. با توجه به این نتایج می­توان به نقش خودافشایی آنلاین و اعتیاد به اینترنت به عنوان پیش­بینی­کننده آزارگری و قربانی سایبری توجه ویژه­ای داشت. این یافته تلویحات مهمی برای متخصصان و خانواده که نقش به­سزایی در مدیریت فضای مجازی دارند، خواهد داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of Internet addiction and self-disclosure in predicting cyberbullying in students

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. M Asadi 1
  • M. A Ghaseminejad 2
1 M. A. in social Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 Ph.D in psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Internet addiction and self-disclosure in predicting cyberbullying in students. In this research, 400 second-grade students in Ardabil were selected through cluster sampling and filled in the Internet addiction questionnaire (Young, 1996), cyberbullying questionnaire (Lam & Li, 2013) and self-disclosure questionnaire (Valkenburg & Peter, 2007).The results revealed that there was a significant relationship between cyberbullying and cyber victimization among internet addicts. There was also a significant relationship between online self-disclosure and cyberbullying and cyber victimization. The results of stepwise regression showed that online addiction and self-disclosure alone accounted for 39% of cyberbullying variance and 10% of cyber victimization. According to these results, the role of online self-disclosure and Internet addiction as a predictor of cyberbullying and cyber victimization should be given special attention. The findings have important implications for professionals, authorities and families who play a vital role in managing the cyberspace of their children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Online self-esteem
  • Internet addiction
  • cyberbullying
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