بررسی اثربخشی آموزش راهبردهای کمک خواهی در بهبود نشانه‌های استرس تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان متوسطه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز

10.22098/jsp.2019.747

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش راهبردهای کمک خواهی در بهبود نشانه­های استرس تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی در دانش­آموزان متوسطه بود. بدین منظور از جامعه دانش­آموزان پایه دوم متوسطه تعداد 60  نفر به شیوه تصادفی خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ای انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایشی و کنترل (هرگروه 30 نفر) جایگزین شدند. گروه آزمایش طی 12 جلسه در معرفی آموزش راهبردهای کمک خواهی قرار گرفتند و گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله­ای را دریافت نکردند. متغیرهای وابسته در دو نوبت پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون مورد اندازه­گیری قرار گرفتند. برای اندازه­گیری متغیرها از پرسش­نامه استرس تحصیلی کوهن و فرازر و برای اندازه­گیری عملکرد تحصیلی از معدل نیمسال تحصیلی استفاده شد. تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد که با کنترل اثرات پیش­آزمون، روش آموزشی اثر معنادار بر بهبود استرس تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانش­آموزان دارد. این یافته تلویحات عملی در مداخلات توانبخشی دارد که مورد بحث واقع شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of help seeking strategies' training in improving symptoms of academic stress and academic performance in high school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Hoseini 1
  • T Hashemi 2
1 MSc, Psychology, University of Tabriz
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tabriz
چکیده [English]

Present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of help seeking strategies' training in improving symptoms of academic stress and academic performance in high school students. Therefore, the 60 high school students was selected by multi-stage cluster random method and divided into experimental and control group (each group was 30). The experimental group participated in the introduction of training strategies during 12 sessions, and the control group did not receive any intervention. To measure variables, Cohen and Frazer's stressfulness questionnaires were used and the average was used to measure academic performance. Results of multivariate analysis of covariance showed that based on controlling the effects of pre-test, educational method had a significant effect on the improvement of academic stress and academic performance of students. These findings have practical implications in the discussed interventions.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Stress
  • Help Seeking Strategies
  • Academic Function
 

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