اثربخشی حساسیت زدایی از طریق حرکات چشم و پردازش مجدد (EMDR) بر بهبود علائم اختلالات اضطرابی دانش‌آموزان آزار دیده جنسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام خمینی (ره)

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام خمینی (ره)

10.22098/jsp.2018.608

چکیده

هدف پژوهش، تعیین اثربخشی حساسیت‌زدایی از طریق حرکات چشم و پردازش مجدد بر بهبود اختلالات اضطرابی دانش‌آموزان آزاردیده جنسی بود. روش پژوهش، از نوع نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. به این منظور، 14 نوجوان دختر آزاردیده جنسی با دامنه سنی 12 تا 18 سال به‌روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گمارده شدند. داده‌ها در مرحله پیش‌آزمون با استفاده از مقیاس اضطراب مرتبط با اختلالات هیجانی در کودکان و نوجوانان (SCARED-71) جمع‌آوری شد. سپس درمان حساسیت‌زدایی از طریق حرکات چشم و پردازش مجدد بین 5 تا 8 جلسه برای گروه آزمایشی اجرا شد و در پایان از تمام افراد گروه آزمایشی و کنترل، پس‌آزمون گرفته شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل‌کوواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که درمان حساسیت‌زدایی از طریق حرکات چشم و پردازش مجدد در بهبود اختلالات اضطرابی افراد آزاردیده جنسی، در مقیاس‌های وحشت‌زدگی، اضطراب فراگیر، وسواسی-اجباری و استرس پس-آسیبی مؤثر است. بنابراین نتیجه می‌گیریم درمان حساسیت‌زدایی از طریق حرکات چشم و پردازش مجدد برای بهبود این دسته از اختلالات مؤثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in reducing symptoms of anxiety disorders in sexually-abused students

نویسندگان [English]

  • A kakavand 1
  • R Jafari Jozani 2
  • J Ardalani 2
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Imam Khomeini International University
2 M.A. in General Psychology, Imam Khomeini International University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in reducing symptoms of anxiety disorders in sexually-abused students. The research method was semi experimental with pretest and posttest with control group. Fourteen adolescent girls who were sexually abused at the age of 12 to 18 years old were selected through convenient sampling and randomly assigned into the two experimental and control groups. Data in pretest were obtained by using the screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders-71 (SCARED-71). Then the EMDR therapy was performed for the experimental group through 5 to 8 sessions and at the end, a posttest was taken by all subjects of the experimental and control groups. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance. The results revealed that the therapy is effective for reducing anxiety disorders including panic, GAD, OCD and PTSD in sexually-abused students. Therefore, we conclude that eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is effective to ameliorate this group of disorders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sexual abuse
  • anxiety disorders
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
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