فراتحلیل درمان های روان‌شناختی برکاهش اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی در کودکان و نوجوانان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

4 دانشیار گروه سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

5 استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

10.22098/jsp.2018.692

چکیده

اضطراب اجتماعی یکی از شایع­ترین مشکلاتی است که باعث اختلالات عملکردی قابل توجه در کودکان و نوجوانان می­شود. در رابطه با میزان اثربخشی انواع مختلف درمان های روان­شناختی برای کودکان و نوجوانان مبتلا به اضطراب اجتماعی تردید وجود دارد در نتیجه ضرورت انجام مطالعه فراتحلیل در مورد اثربخشی درمان­های موجود برای اضطراب اجتماعی در کودکان و نوجوانان را نشان می دهد. در مطالعه حاضر، اندازه اثر درمان های روان­شناختی در کودکان مبتلا به اضطراب اجتماعی ارزیابی شده است. در این پژوهش 139 مطالعه در مورد اثربخشی درمان­های روان­شناختی برای اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی در کودکان و نوجوانان جمع آوری شد و 12 مطالعه پس از ارزیابی های دقیق انتخاب شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل­های آماری با استفاده نرم افزار جامع فراتحلیل CAM انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که درمان های روانشناختی برای اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی در کودکان و نوجوانان دارای اندازه اثر متوسط بودند. میانگین اندازه اثر درمان‌­‌های روان­شناختی بر اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی در کودکان 32/0(05>P) بود. درمان های موجود برای این گروه از کودکان نیاز به بررسی‌های بیش­تری دارد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A meta-analysis of psychological treatment for reducing social anxiety disorder in children and teenagers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z Jahanbakhshi 1
  • A Borjali 2
  • F Farahbakhsh 3
  • M. R Falsafinejad 4
  • A Shariatmadar 5
1 Ph.D. Student of Consultation, Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University
3 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabataba'i University
4 Associate Professor, Department of Measurement and Measurement, Allameh Tabataba'i University
5 Assistant Professor, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is common in children and causes significant functional impairment. There are doubts about the level of effectiveness of various types of psychological treatment for children and teenagers with social anxiety. Therefore, the need for a systematic meta-analysis study on the effectiveness of existing therapies for social anxiety in children and teenagers is necessary. In this paper, the effectiveness of psychological treatments in children with social anxiety has been evaluated. In this study, 139 studies on the effectiveness of psychological treatment for social anxiety disorder in children and teenagers were collected and finally 12 studies were selected after accurate evaluation. Statistical analysis by use of comprehensive meta-analysis software (CMA) was done. Psychological treatment of social anxiety disorder had a moderate effect size on SAD in children. The mean of psychological treatment effect size on treatment of social anxiety disorder in children was significant-0.2 (p<.05). Existing treatments for this group of children require further investigation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Children
  • meta-analysis
  • psychological treatment
  • social anxiety
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