The role of family function and classroom psychosocial atmosphere in predicting adolescents’ self-compassion


1 Ph.D. Student of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Educational Science, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.


Objective: The present study aimed to predict adolescents’ self-compassion based on family function and psychosocial climate of the classroom.
Method: The research method was descriptive-correlational. All of the statistical population of the study were high school students in Bandar Abbas city in the academic year of 2018-2019, from which 302 students (124 males and 178 females) were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling. The data collection instruments included Self-Compassion Scale, Family Assessment Device, and My Class Inventory questionnaires. Simultaneous multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of regression analysis revealed that roughly, 35% of the total variance of self-compassion is predicted through family function and psychosocial climate of the classroom components (P<.01). The findings indicated that problem solving, role, emotional involvement, behavioral control, and friction were positive and significant predictors of self-compassion. In addition, task orientation was a negative and significant predictor of self-compassion.
Conclusions: According to the results, self-compassion is one of the characteristics that the family and educational environments play an important role in its development, which highlights the need for attentions of parents and teachers to improve the conditions of these two environments.


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