The relationship between perception from the achievement goals emphasized by parents and teachers with self-efficacy beliefs and coping strategies of students in mathematics: The role of math achievement goals

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor in Psychology, Razi University

2 PhD Student in Psychology, Fedrdowsi University of Mashhad



The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of students from achievement goals emphasized by parents and teachers in mathematics and the relationship between these goals with achievement goals, self-efficacy and coping strategies. The sample of this study included 825 eighth grade students in Tehran who were enrolled in academic year 2015-2016 selected by multistage random sampling. To assess students' understanding of the goals emphasized by parents and teachers as well as personal goals and self-efficacy, Midgley et al.'s (2000) questionnaire of adaptive learning patterns, and for assessing their coping strategies of Education, Tero and Connell's (1984) questionnaire were used. The results revealed a mediating role for mastery and performance goals between their perception of the goals emphasized by teachers and parents, self-efficacy beliefs and coping strategies in mathematics.


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