Comparing psychological capital, social adjustment and emotional styles in athletic students (individual and group) and non-athletes

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor of Sports Management Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Meshkin shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Meshkin shahr, Iran

3 Education Expert, Payame Noor University, Ardabil



The purpose of the present study was a comparison of psychological capital, social adjustment and emotional styles in athletic (individual and group) and non-athletic boys in Ardabil province. The research method was descriptive correlational. The sample was 376 students (188 athletes and 188 non-athletes). They were randomly selected from among the male students of Ardabil. The data collection instruments included psychological capital questionnaire, social adjustment questionnaire, and emotional styles questionnaire. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics were used and Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were used to test the hypotheses. For data analysis, SPSS-22 was used. The results showed no significant relationship between psychological capital and emotional styles (p> 0.05). But there was a correlation of 0.36 between psychological capital and social adjustment that was positive and significant. There was a correlation of 0.36 between individual emotional styles and social adjustment, which was positive and significant. But the correlation between group emotional styles was 0.001 which is not significant.


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